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Recreating Nature Indoors

Ever wonder who made the dioramas in our mammal halls? Read all about the artists who created these wonderful scenes. Learn more >

The Making of a Diorama

The Habitat Views video considers ways of looking at dioramas today, and documents the creation of several new displays. Take a look over on our  YouTube channel >

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Pronghorn antelope

Antilocapra americana (Ord, 1815)

Pronghorn antelope diorama in the North American Mammal Hall


 High country northwest of Flagstaff, Arizona; Kaibab National Forest and San Francisco Peaks in background


 Robert Elder and George G. Wurtzburger

Background artist:

 Clark M. Provins

Pronghorns are placed in their own family, the Antilocapridae, to distinguish them from antelopes (Family Bovidae) or deer (Family Cervidae). True antelopes and cattle have unbranched horns that are enclosed in a keratinous horn sheath. Deer have branched antlers that are shed annually. Pronghorns have branched horns and shed their horn sheaths annually. Remains of the living pronghorn species and an extinct dwarf form are both found in the La Brea Tar Pits.

Biological Information

Range map for the pronghorn antelope


Southwest Canada, western United States and northern Mexico


Deserts and grasslands


Sonoran subspecies endangered but otherwise no special concern


Shrubs, grasses and forbs

Further information about this species may be found on the Animal Diversity Web page for pronghorn.