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Recreating Nature Indoors

Ever wonder who made the dioramas in our mammal halls? Read all about the artists who created these wonderful scenes. Learn more >

The Making of a Diorama

The Habitat Views video considers ways of looking at dioramas today, and documents the creation of several new displays. Take a look over on our  YouTube channel >

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Why are Polychaete Collections Important?

Our understanding of how the oceans operate and affect our very existence is dependent upon understanding the diversity of life in all ocean habitats. Learn more >


White-tailed deer

Odocoileus virginianus (Zimmermann, 1780)

White-tailed deer diorama in the North American Mammal Hall


 Pennsylvania deciduous hardwood forest, Manheim area, Lancaster County


 Mr. and Mrs. Hugh H. Logan

White-tailed deer are nervous, shy, and very agile—bounding at speeds of up to 30 miles per hour through tangled terrain in a forest. They are also good swimmers.

White-tailed deer can influence the composition of plant communities through their grazing, especially where they are abundant. In severe winters white-tailed deer can be responsible for girdling and killing large numbers of trees. White-tailed deer are also important prey animals for a number of large predators.

Biological Information

Range map for the white-tailed deer


From southern Canada to as far south as northern South America


Forest edges, brushland and woods with abundant low forage


Extremely common throughout their range


Whatever vegetation is available in their habitat

Further information about this species may be found on the Animal Diversity Web page for white-tailed deer.